P-ISSN: 2244-0410
E-ISSN: 2449-3686
Editor-in-Chief

Ruel R. Cabahug, Ph.D.
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines

Editorial Board

The Mindanao Journal of Science and Technology (MJST) is a peer-reviewed research journal of the University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines (USTP). It is published annually by the University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines Press, Lapasan, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines.

EDITORIAL BOARD

MINDANAO JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Editor-in-Chief
Ruel R. Cabahug, Ph.D.
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines
Philippines

EDITORIAL BOARD


Archie B. Maglaya, Dr. Tech.
De La Salle University
Philippines

Therese Chambers, Ph.D.
University of Technology
Jamaica

Mohamed Fathy Yassin, Ph.D.
Kuwait University
Kuwait

David A. Oloke, Ph.D.
University of Wolverhampton
United Kingdom

Ephrime B. Metillo, Ph.D.
Mindanao State University – Iligan Institute of Technology
Philippines
Rosula SJ Reyes, Ph.D.
Ateneo de Manila University
Philippines

David J. Edwards, Ph.D.
Birmingham City University
United Kingdom

Peder Hjorth, Ph.D.
Lund Institute of Technology-Lund University
Lund, Sweden

Yunus D. Mgaya, Ph.D.
University of Dar es Salaam
Tanzania

Mary Grace I. Galinato, Ph.D.
Penn State Erie, The Behrend College
United States of America

Masrah Azrifah Azmi Murad, Ph.D.
University of Putra Malaysia
Malaysia

Lilia R. Austriaco, Ph.D.
Angeles University Foundation
Philippines

Dionel O. Albina, Ph.D.
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines
Philippines

Oliva P. Canencia, Ph.D.
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines
Philippines

Mark G. Robson, Ph.D.
The State University of New Jersey
United States of America

Dennes T. Bergado, Ph.D.
Asian Institute of Technology
Thailand

Ambrosio B. Cultura, II, Ph.D.
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines
Philippines

Erika Pärn
Birmingham City University
United Kingdom

Jamal Khatib, Ph.D.
University of Wolverhampton
United Kingdom
Christopher O. Nwagboso
University of Wolverhampton
United Kingdom